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CDS

 (Controlled Dangerous substance)

AKA: drugs

 

This page was made for parents, caretakers  or others that may come across  CDS, paraphernalia and/or may notice behavior displayed by someone that is indicative of substance use.

Do not assume you know everything there is to know about drugs.  Ketamine, GHB, Molly, synthetic marijuana  and MDMA: (also called E, X, XTC, ecstasy, Stacy and love drug) are drugs that may not be known to those of us who went to high school prior to the 90's.  This page will show you pictures and give descriptions of the common drugs found in Hopatcong.   

Also included are links to sites that give vast amounts of detail to specific drugs. Included will be links to websites that you may go to for help. 

This page only gives brief and short descriptions that can help you identify some common drugs that you may come across. It is meant as a starting point for those of us who want to keep our loved ones free from the addiction of drugs. 

 

 

                                          SYNTHETIC MARIJUANA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SYNTHETIC MARIJUANA;

 

New Jersey Attorney General Jeffrey S. Chiesa on Februaury 29th 2012 announced a statewide ban on all forms of synthetic marijuana, the so-called designer drug that mimics the effects of marijuana.

The concoction, also known as "K2" and "Spice," is the drug third-most commonly abused by high school seniors, behind marijuana and prescription drugs, according to a 2011 study funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse.

Side effects include violent seizures, dangerous elevated heart rates, and hallucinations, according to the National Institute and the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration.

New Jersey's ban - in an emergency order pending legislative action - prohibits the manufacture, distribution, and sale of any of the hundreds of chemical combinations that mirror marijuana's effect and is more sweeping than previous efforts.

The drug will now be considered a controlled dangerous substance - like cocaine and heroin. Violators  will be charged with a 3rd degree crime and could face three to five years in prison and a fine of up to $25,000,

 

 

     PRESCRIPTION DRUGS

 

 

 

click here for a great presentation

     Prescription drugs are one of the most commonly abused drugs by teenagers today.  They are easily obtained or stolen from peers, family members and friends. Some sell their own prescriptions which are legitimately prescribed by a doctor.  The prescriptions abused the most fall into 3 broad categories: Opioids (pain relievers), Depressants, and Stimulants.

         

Opioids (pain relievers): Most commonly abused are:  Oxycontin, Dilaudid, Percocet and Vicodin.  Street names are “Hillbilly Heroin”, “Percs”, “Happy Pills”, and “Vikes” to name a few. 

 

Depressants (sedatives):  Most commonly abused are:  Librium, Valium and Xanax.  Street names are “Tranks”, “Downers”, and “Totem Poles” to name a few.      

 

Stimulants:  Most commonly abused are:  Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin and Amphetamines.  Street names are “Uppers”, “Speed”, “Kiddy Cocaine”, and “Truck Drivers” to name a few.

 

Prescription drugs cost between $5 - $20 a dose depending on the medication.

 

MARIJUANA

 

     

Small marijuana plant.  Notice the shape of the leaves               Here is a close up of the leaves

 

 

 

       

Marijuana seeds                                                                 Paraphernalea used to inhale marijuana:

 

 

 

                    

A marijurana cigarette or a "joint".       "Roach Clips" used to hold the "joint" when burned down to a "Roach"

 

 

 

          

Marijuana Buds after being dried                                        Cigars with the tabacco taken out and marijuana put in. "Blunt"  

 

 

 

 

Marijuana/Pot:

1)     Rapid, loud talking and bursts of laughter in the early stages of intoxication.

2)      Sleepy in the later stages. Tend to get the "munchies"

3)      Forgetfulness in conversation.

4)      Inflammation in whites of eyes;

5)      pupils unlikely to be dilated. Eyes might be red

6)     Odor similar to burnt rope on clothing or breath. It must be stressed that marijuana when it is burnt has a strong odor unlike cigarettes.  it will stay on the persons fingers after smoking a "roach". It will stink up a room or a car.

7)      Tendency to drive slowly - below speed limit.

8)     Distorted sense of time passage - tendency to overestimate time intervals.

9)     Use or possession of paraphernalia including roach clips, packs of rolling papers, pipes, bongs, zip lock bags jewler bags and Visine to take the red out of their eyes.

10)      Marijuana users are difficult to recognize unless they are under the influence of the drug at the time of observation. 

 

 

HEROIN

 

 

 

                   

These pictures are the same woman taken over a few years while she was using heroin. 

 

 

 

 

                  

Heroin is bought as a powder        Common Packaging                                 Customized Labels                           

                                                                          i                                                        

 

 

 

 

 

                

The heroin has to be cooked to a liquid   paraphernalia to shoot up       shooting up the herion       injecion marks

 

 

 Signs and symptoms of heroin use are:

  • Euphoria
  • Drowsiness
  • Impaired mental functioning
  • Slowed down respiration
  • Constricted pupils
  • Nausea

Signs of a heroin overdose include:

  • Shallow breathing
  • Pinpoint pupils
  • Clammy skin
  • Convulsions
  • Coma

How is heroin used?

Heroin is usually injected, sniffed/snorted, or smoked. Typically, a heroin abuser may inject up to four times a day. Intravenous injection provides the greatest intensity and most rapid onset of euphoria (7 to 8 seconds), while intramuscular injection produces a relatively slow onset of euphoria (5 to 8 minutes). When heroin is sniffed or smoked, peak effects are usually felt within10 to 15 minutes. Although smoking and sniffing heroin do not produce a "rush" as quickly or as intensely as intravenous injection, researchers have confirmed that all three forms of heroin administration are addictive.

Injection continues to be the predominant method of heroin use among addicted users seeking treatment; however, researchers have observed a shift in heroin use patterns, from injection to sniffing and smoking. In fact, sniffing/snorting heroin is now a widely reported means of taking heroin among users admitted for drug treatment in Newark, Chicago, New York, and Detroit.

 

 

ECSTASY (MDMA)

                                                                An assortment of MDMA tablets there are hundreds of different imprints on ecstasy tablets

 

 

 

 

The Ecstasy high can last from 6 to 24 hours, with the average high lasting only about 3-4 hours. Users of Ecstasy report that it causes mood changes and loosens their shyness; they become more outgoing, and kindhearted. For this reason, Ecstasy has been called the "hug drug." It also curbs the need to eat, drink or sleep, enabling users to endure parties for two or three days straight. As a result, the users of Ecstasy  frequently suffer effects such as dehydration or exhaustion. Ecstasy tablets cost $.20-$.40 to produce and are sold in the U.S. for $30-$40 apiece. One of the effects of the drug is jaw muscle tension and teeth grinding. Users suck on pacifiers or lollipops to relieve the tension. They also use light sticks, or "glow" sticks to heighten the psychedelic experience at rave parties. Ecstasy can lead to depression, fatigue, dehydration and long-term kidney, liver and brain damage. Scientists have only recently begun to document the long-term effects of Ecstasy use.

 

 

 

 

KETAMINE

 

                    

         Ketamine bottle                    size of bottle                            Ketamine in powder form

Street Names:  "Special K", "K", "Jet", "Super Acid", "Green", "Cat Valium"

Ketamine comes in a clear liquid and a white or off white powder form.  Some of the symptoms of Ketamine use are: delirium, amnesia, depression, and long term memory loss.  Recreational users take the drug to experience the mellow, dreamy, wavy fellings the drug produces.  These effects are often referred to as "K Land".  Higher doses produce intense hallucinations referred to as the "K Hole".  Ketamine is commonly used as a party drug at clubs or "Raves".  Ketamine may be ingested by injection, snorting or disolving the powder form in liquid and drinking it.  The effects last between 30 and 90 minutes depending on the dosage and the users tolerance.  Due Ketamines ability to disorient the user, it is reportedly used as a date-rape drug.  Price of an average dose of Ketamine is between $20-$25.   

 

COCAINE / CRACK

                

Cocaine in powdered form                                      Cocaine being snorted                                  Crack 

Cocaine Street Names:  "Blow", "Nose Candy", "Snowball", "Tornado", Wicky Stick"

Crack Street Names:  "Gravel", "Rock", Ready Rock", Roxanne"

Cocaine comes in powder form, usually white or off white in color.  Crack comes in small chunks or rocks and is also white or off white in color.  It is "cut" several times before it reaches the user. Cocaine is mixed with a substance similar in appearance but it costs much less.  Some of the symptoms of a user may be:

  • nasal infections
  • paranoia
  • weight loss
  • insomnia
  • aggression / combativeness
  • extreme sweating
  • fear
  • insensitivity to pain

Users feel a euphoric "rush" or "high" depending on how it is ingested.  The "rush" produces feelings of extreme pleasure, power, srength and excitement.  The "high" produces feelings of increased alertness, greater confidence, feelings of general well being.  The rush or high is only felt for 5 - 60 minutes depending on how it is taken.  Cocaine may be injested by snorting, smoking or injecting.  42% of all drug related deaths reported were caused by using Cocaine.   

LSD

 

 

                                         

                                                                                                                                 1 average size dose “window pane”

 

 

 

                                      

                                                                                                                                       size comparison of “Dot”

 

 

Street Names:  “Acid”, “Dot”, “Blue Heaven”, “Ticket”, “Window Pane”

 

“LSD” or Lysergic Acid Diethylamide comes in a variety of forms, but is most commonly sold in the form of blotter paper.  Crystalline LSD is dissolved and diluted in alcohol and then the blotter paper is dipped into it.  The blotter paper is cut into small squares called “tickets” and is stamped with unique pictures, designs, or characters as a trademark of the distributor.  LSD is also sold in liquid form commonly concealed in eye drop containers or glass vials.  It is colorless, odorless and has a slightly bitter taste.  LSD is taken for its hallucinogenic effects, which is referred to as “tripping”.  Users may experience vivid hallucinations which often cause a sharp increase in the perception of sounds and colors.  The intensity of the high depends on the user’s mental state, surroundings, and the dosage strength.  The mental effects peak at 3 to 5 hours and wear off within 8 to 12 hours after ingestion.  LSD is taken by placing a square or “ticket” of blotter paper on the tongue.  The LSD is dissolved by the saliva and absorbed.  It also may be ingested by placing drops of liquid LSD in the eyes or adding it to food such as sugar cubes.  Sometimes users experience a “Bad Trip” when taking LSD.  This causes feelings of extreme fear, anxiety and paranoia.  The user is at risk of injury because they react in a state of panic.  People have been known to jump from windows, run into traffic, and react violently when they have a “Bad Trip”.  Price of an average dose of LSD is between $2 - $5 per dose. 

 

Amphetamines /”Crystal Meth”

 

         

                                                                                                    Typical chemicals used to make “Crystal Meth”

 

 

                  4 year progression of this “Meth” user

 

   5 years of using “Crystal Meth”

 

Street Names:  “Crank”, “Ice”, “Uppers”, “Black Beauties”, “Speed”

 

Crystal Meth comes in a clear liquid, an off white powder or “rock” form.  The “rocks” are small fragments which are shiny and blue-white in color.  The drug can be swallowed, snorted, injected or smoked.  A user that injects or smokes Crystal Meth experiences an immediate “high” which can last up to 12 hours or more.  Recreational users take the drug to experience an increase in alertness, euphoria, and heightened physical stimulation.   Some adverse effects include depression, paranoia, hallucinations and severe addiction.  Producing Crystal Meth creates a substantial risk to anyone in the area of the “Meth Lab”.  The chemicals used are extremely volatile and sensitive and the production method routinely tests the nature of the chemicals. Numerous deaths have occurred due to improper production of the drug.  Price of an average dose of Crystal Meth costs approximately $20.

 

 

    

 

 

Signs and Symptoms of Teen Drinking and Drug Abuse

 

Teens go through various changes while puberty sets in.  Changes in attitude, hobbies, and temper outbursts are often observed by parents.  Signs of depression, withdrawal, lack of grooming or hostility may be indicators of alcohol or drug abuse.  The changes are usually sudden, but may occur over a period of time.  Other things to watch for are:

 

·        Changes in friends

·        Decrease in grades, missing school, changes in schoolwork

·        Increased secrecy about possessions or activities

·        Use of incense, room deodorant or perfume to hide odors

·        New use of mouthwash or breath mints to mask odors

·        New use of eye drops to mask bloodshot eyes

·         Subtle changes in conversations with friends or “coded” language

·        Changes in clothing choices, hair styles, grooming habits, and music

·        Increase in borrowing money

·        Evidence of matches, lighters, rolling papers and other drug paraphernalia

·        Items of value missing from home

·        Missing prescription drugs

 

 

*If you suspect your child is using alcohol or drugs THERE IS HELP.  Below are some names and phone numbers which have services to help with substance abuse and behavioral problems:

 

·        Jackie Tillson (Student Assistance Counselor)—(973)-770-8968

·        Becky Carlson (Center for Prevention & Counseling)—(973)-383-4787

·        Saint Claire’s Intensive Family Support Services—(973)-702-2741

·        Saint Claire’s Behavioral Health Services (24 HRS)—(888)-626-2111

·        High Focus--(800)-877-FOCUS

·        Sunrise House—(973)-383-6300

·        Sussex County Narcotics Task Force—(973)-948-2345

·        Narcotics Anonymous—(800)-992-0401 or www.nanj.org

·        24 Hour Alcohol Help—(800)-322-5525